"Technology and competitiveness in Latin America: beyond the legacy of import substitution policies"
2001. "Technology and competitiveness in Latin America: Beyond the legacy of import substitution policies" in Dutrenit, G., C. Garrido and G. Valenti (eds.) Sistema Nacional de Innovación: Temas para el debate en México. Ciudad de México: UNAM, pp. 85-127
A. STRUCTURAL COMPETITIVENESS:THE TASKS, THE OBSTACLES AND THE VOIDS
1. A DOUBLE TRANSFORMATION FOR FIRMS
a. A Copernican revolution: The firm at the center of profitabilityb. Technological passivity:A Trojan horse sent by the past into the futurec. Distorsions and voids in the supporting environment
2. THE WEAVING OF NETWORKS OF COOPERATION
a. A legacy of confrontation and segregationb. Poor access to sources of technologyc. The lack of network promoters
3. MODERNIZING THE INFRASTRUCTUREAND THE EDUCATION SYSTEM
a. Poor but subsidized public servicesb. Isolated but honest technical infrastructurec. Education and training: fulfilling obsolete goals
4. FOCUSING AND STRATEGIC SPECIALIZATION
a. Overcoming the small country complexb. The primary product prejudicec. The institutional void
B. A CHANGE OF PARADIGM FOR GOVERNMENT
1. MODERNIZING THE MODERNIZERS2. LETTING GO AND REINING INa. The multiplication of initiativesb. The framework for convergence
C. AN ACTIVE ROLE FOR LATIN AMERICAN RESEARCH:PROVIDING SUPPORT TO THE AGENTS OF CHANGE
'...the book fills an important gap in the literature on business cycles and innovations. I most strongly commend it to all those attempting to understand the past and future evolution of technology and the economy.'
Christopher Freeman, Emeritus Professor, SPRU,
University of Sussex, UK
'...Carlota Perez shows us that historically technological revolutions arrive with remarkable regularity, and that economies react to them in predictable phases. Her argument provides much needed perspective not just on history, but on our own times. And especially on our own information revolution.'
W. Brian Arthur, Santa Fe Institute, New Mexico