"A Green and Socially Equitable Direction for the ICT Paradigm"

(2012: updated 2014) "A Green and Socially Equitable Direction for the ICT Paradigm", Chris Freeman Memorial Lecture, GLOBELICS 2012, Hangzhou, P.R. China, Globelics Working Paper No. 2014-01, ISSN: 2246-0616

Download: PEREZ_Globelics_WP2014-01_FREEMAN_Lecture.pdf


This paper takes up Chris Freeman's challenge of facing the environmental limits with science, technology and innovation in order to keep open the possibilities of the developing world along a sustainable "green" growth path. It analyses the differences between the energy intensive paradigm of mass production and consumerism in mid-20th Century and the potential shift to sustainability generally provided by the ICT revolution. It then focuses on the developing world and examines the changes in the global market context that are creating windows of opportunity for local innovation, social inclusion and green growth. It finally discusses the alliances and conditions for taking full advantage of the available transformative potential.

Table of Contents:

1. Chris Freeman’s challenge    
2. The potential for environmental and social sustainability    
The paradigm shift and the new context for production and innovation    
The crisis and the need for an active State    
The space of opportunity for a global positive-sum game    
The technological potential and the tasks ahead    
A possible route leading to an all inclusive golden age    
Is ICT compatible with “green”?    
Guiding production innovation - growth and the environment    
3. The new power of the emerging and developing countries    
The paradigm shift and the conditions for development:    
How to understand the new possibilities for inclusion?    
An example: a dual integrated strategy for natural resource producers    
‘Leapfrogging’ and catching-up in the current world    
4. A Global Green New Deal for the people and for the planet    
A transformative alliance    
Global converging actions    

List of Figures:

Figure 1. Hyper-segmentation of markets in the ICT paradigm
Figure 2. Some examples of market segmentation
Figure 4. Growth of global middle class consumers - Forecast to 2030
Figure 5. The technical and institutional drivers of the Post War Golden Age
Figure 6. Potential drivers of the demand opportunity space for building a global sustainable golden age with the ICT revolution
Figure 8. A dual integrated model for development in natural resource producing countries (A proposal for Latin America) 




Published 2002

'...the book fills an important gap in the literature on business cycles and innovations. I most strongly commend it to all those attempting to understand the past and future evolution of technology and the economy.'

Christopher Freeman, Emeritus Professor, SPRU,
University of Sussex, UK

'...Carlota Perez shows us that historically technological revolutions arrive with remarkable regularity, and that economies react to them in predictable phases. Her argument provides much needed perspective not just on history, but on our own times. And especially on our own information revolution.'

W. Brian Arthur, Santa Fe Institute, New Mexico

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Technological Revolutions Financial bubbles Installation Period Frenzy Deployment Period Golden Ages Dual strategy Techno‑economic paradigms Neo‑Schumpeterian Respecialization Synergy Turning Point Future markets Knowledge society Green growth Maturity Full global development Globalization Sustainability Socio‑economic development Paradigm shifts Irruption Market hyper‑segmentation